If you’ve read a lot of 70s-80s sci-fi and fantasy you can tell this is Boris Vallejo without even looking at the signature. A bit of Google reverse image searching let me find out this the art for the novel Godsfire, by Cynthia Felice. According to this article the cover art is an accurate representation of the story. Humans have feline overlords. I have no idea whether the person who used this image to make it into a “What Liberals Want” meme variant meant it as parody or not.